The Middle East is home to several countries that are major producers and exporters of cement. These countries have rich reserves of raw materials, such as limestone and clay, which are essential for cement production. Additionally, they benefit from favorable climatic conditions for cement manufacturing
Hot and humid regions present unique challenges when it comes to choosing suitable building materials. The extreme weather conditions, high humidity levels, and intense heat can cause significant damage to conventional materials. Therefore, it is crucial to select materials that are durable, resistant to moisture, and can withstand the harsh climate.
Brick is one of the most popular building materials due to its availability, high durability and low cost. Brick is one of the main necessities of building construction, so it must be of high quality. The lifespan of all types of bricks goes back to about 7,000 years ago, in which materials such as kneaded clay, sand and lime or concrete materials are used and dried and prepared in front of fire or air. Although in the past they were made by hand and left in front of the air to dry, nowadays they are mostly produced by machines and in special brick kilns.